Egocentric MSM networks were recruited in the community, members of the networks were assessed for risk, network leaders were sociometrically identified, and network leaders attended intervention sessions that provided training in how to deliver risk reduction conversations to other network members. However, the researchers concluded that this strategy was ineffective due to low second-wave recruitment and limited motivation by first-wave network members to also be trained as peer educators. Expansion of network intervention research among MSM is needed, particularly in areas where coverage by existing prevention programs is inadequate and where most vulnerable population members cannot be reached by conventional prevention programs. Finally, the review demonstrated that social networks can be successfully utilized as vehicles for efficiently delivering HIV prevention interventions to MSM community members. All participants completed assessments of risk behavior before and again 4 months post-intervention. The book describes the latest, up-to-date research, theory, and clinical significance of molecular mechanisms in meningococcal disease. HIV phylogenetic clusters indicate that individuals are linked together through viral phylogeny with other members of the same cluster. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr.
The format and method of communication was not prescribed, and leaders were asked to use their regular, everyday style of communication. Neighborhoods or other geographic units separate from one another often differ greatly with respect to socioeconomic status of their residents and have very different HIV prevalence [ 63 ]. Compliance with Ethics Guidelines Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors. Network structural evaluations were used to empirically identify sociometric network leaders. Associations between perceived characteristics of the peer social network involving significant others and risk of HIV transmission among men who have sex with men in China. Do social support, stress, disclosure and stigma influence retention in HIV care for Latino and African American men who have sex with men and women? Minority stress experiences and psychological well-being: Each egocentric network included MSM friends of the seed, a community member observed to be popular with others. All participants completed assessments of risk behavior before and again 4 months post-intervention. For example, high levels of sexual partnership concurrency and concurrent unprotected anal intercourse UAI —commonly reported patterns [ 52 ]—appear to be substantially responsible for the high rates of HIV transmission among MSM. AIDS knowledge and condom use self-efficacy significantly increased among intervention condition participants and did not change among controls. An association between network support and medication adherence among MSM has been reported [ 87 ]. A much larger trial of a similar intervention was carried out in Russia and Bulgaria using a full-scale RCT design [ 41 ]. Genco, Lee Wetzler, Lee M. The book is highly recommended for microbiologists, epidemiologists, and clinicians involved with Neisseria research or meningococcal disease, and it is a recommended text for all microbiology libraries. Randomised, controlled, community-level HIV-prevention intervention for sexual-risk behavior among homosexual men in US cities. HIV phylogenetic clusters indicate that individuals are linked together through viral phylogeny with other members of the same cluster. Living with HIV poses additional life stress including social isolation, stigma, discrimination, and fear of potential consequences of serostatus disclosure. This suggests that connectivity between MSM is increasing through sexual networks, thereby increasing the probability of HIV transmission during unprotected sex. However, Woodward et al. Established network methodology may be successfully applied to emerging new AIDS prevention approaches such as pre-exposure prophylaxis PrEP , test-and-treat, and treatment-as-prevention approaches because all of these require high levels of program coverage. Individual and network interventions with injection drug users in 5 Ukraine cities. Social network and other correlates of HIV testing: Social network and individual correlates of sexual risk behavior among homeless young men who have sex with men. The recruitment strategy resembled RDS, in which recruitment was accomplished through the referrals of up to three persons by each already-enrolled participant.
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